• Kerala state came into being on November 1,1956 
  • In 1498, Vasco-ad-Gama reached at Calicut for the first time in the ship named San Gabriel.  .His seconds visit to Kozhikode was in 1502, and his third visit was in the year 1524. On December 24, 1524 Gama died at Fort Kochi and his body was buried there in St Francis Church.
  •  Van Reede is the Dutch Governor at Cochin, compiled a book on the flora of Malabar with the help of an Indian scholar named Hurts Malabaricus.
  • Ibn Batutah, the foreign traveler who visited Kerala six times between 1342 to 1347.
  •  Swami Agamananda founded the Ramakrishna Advaitha Asramam at Kiladi.
  •  K.Ayyappan founded the Sahodara Sangham at Cherai in 1917.
  • K.Ayyappan popularised the idea of Misra Bhojanam among Ezhava and other castes like the pulayas. He also said “No caste, No religion and No God”.
  •   Vaikunda Swamikal was a social reformer who founded the Samatwa Samajam in1836.
  •  Vagbhatananda Guru Deva is the founder of Atman Vidhya Sangham.
  •  Brahmananda Swami Sivayogi was founded the Sidhasramam at Alathur in Palakkad district.
  • In March 12,1925 the famous meeting between Mahatma Gandhi and Sree Narayana Guru took place at Varkala.
  •  First settlement of the English East India Company was established at Anchuthengu In 1684.
  •  Sakthan Tampuran is popularly known as the father of modern Cochin.
  •  G.P. Pillai and Sankara Menon were the leaders of Malayali Memorial.
  •  Vakkom Abdul Khadar Maulavi was the founder of Travancore Muslim Mahajana Sabha.
  •  Dalawa Ummini Thampi introduced a scheme for the development of Vizhinjam port.
  •  Raja Kesavadasan established the Chala Bazar in Thiruvananthapuram.
  •  Pazhashi Raja who fought against the Britishers with the help of Kuruchies.
  •  Kollam was the capital of Venad kingdom.
  •  In 1920 Mahatma Gandhi visited Kerala for the first time.
  • Francisco-de-Almedawas the first viceroy of Kerala.
  • Mallan Sankaran of Palliyadi classified the lands under the main heads of Devaswam, Brahmaswam, Danam and Pandaravaka in Travancore.
  •  Swathi Thirunal stared the first Govt English Medium School in Kerala.
  • Paravur T.K Narayana Pillai born in North Paravur was the first chief minister of Travancore-Cochin at the time of its formation in 1949.
  • Pattom Thanupillai was the first President of Travancore State Congress. Pattom A. Thanupillai was the second Chief Minister of Kerala from February 22, 1960 to September 26, 1962. In 1962, he becomes the Governor of Punjab. Later he was appointed the Governor of Andhra Pradesh in which role he served from May 4, 1964 until April 11, 1968.
  •  Umayamma Rani was the first women ruler to Venad.
  •  Ayi kingdom was existed in Thiruvananthapuram.
  •  Swathi Thirunal, founded the first Government Hospital in Kerala.
  •  Arakkal Kingdom was the only Muslim kingdom in Kerala.
  •  Sri Chithira Thirunal laid the founaation stone of Pllivasal Hydro electric power station in 1935.
  • Vakkom Abdul Khadar Moulavi was the patriot who started the newspaper Swadeshabhimani in 1905.
  • G.D. Nokes was the first public service commissioner appointed in Travancore. Doordarshan Kendra, Thiruvananthapuram was inaugurated on 1st January 1985 by the Chief Minster of Kerala Shri. K. Karunakaran.
  •  Ayilliam Thirunal Ramavarma regime to Kerala Government Secretariat building has been built.
  •  Maramon Convention is the largest religious convention in Kerala. Lt was started in 1896.
  •  Malik Ibn Dinar constructed the first mosque at kodungalloor in kerala.
  • Maramon convention is the largest religious convention in kerala. It was started in 1896, by the Mar Thoma Evangelistic Association [MTEA], the missionary wing of the Mar Thoma Church on the banks of the River Pamba at Maramon near Kozhencherry in Pathanamthitta  District. 
  • Samkshepa Vedartham, written by Clement Piyanus Pathiri and published in 1772, was the first book in Malayalam.
  •  Rani Lekshmi Bai abolished slave trade in Travancore in 1812.
  • Kundara proclamation was made in the year 1809 by Veluthampi, later he committed suicide at Mannadi.
  • The Wagon tragedy was the death of large number of prisoners on10 November1921 in the Malabar region of Kerala state of India. The prisoners had beed taken into custody following unrest in Malabar, and their deaths through apparent negligence discredited the British Raj and generated sympathy for the Indian independence movement. The British packed 70 prisoners into a railway goods wagon at Tirur railway station to be sent to the Coimbatore jails. By the time they reached their destination 61 of the prisoners had died from suffocation.
  • The temple entry proclamation was issued by Sri. Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma of Travancore in November 12, 1936. 

  • The first General Election in Travncore was in 1948. Pattom Thanu Pillai  was elected the first chief Ministr of Travancore. 

  •  The largest christian religious convention in Asia is held at Kozhencherry Maraman Convention. 

  •  Christianity was introduced in India by St Thomas who first came to Kerala in A.D.52. 

  • Sankaracharya [AD 788-820] was the great Hindu philosopher and he was born at Kaladi in Ernakulam.
  • Sri Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma (April 16, 1813-December 25, 1846) was the Maharaja of the state of Travancore. He reigned from 1829 until his death in1846. He distinguished himself as a musician. The Astronomical Observatory in Thiruvananthapuram, the Museum & Zoo, the Government Press, Trivandrum Public Library (now State Central Library) the Oriental Manuscript Library ,etc were started by Swathi Thirunal. The famous poet and composer Iraiyamman Thampi wrote the song omanathinkalkkitavo nalla komalathamarappuvo, perhaps the most famous lullaby in Malayalam, about Swathi Thirunal when he was born. 

  • Mathanda Varma renovated the 8thcentury old Sir. Padmanabha temple of Trivandrum, and on January 3rd 1750, he dedicated his new kingdom to his deity (tripaddidhanam) and ruled as the servant of the deity (Sri. Padamanadhadasa).He is known as “the maker of modern Travancore’’ for developing a small kingdom into a powerful state. He appointed his former prisoner, Admiral D’ lennoy, as his commander-in-chief and gave him the status of a local noble. D’ lennoy modernised the Travancore army and equipped the army with firearms and artillery .He died in 1758, leaving his kingdom to his nephew Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma (Dharma Raja).
  • Kollam Era started in A.D.825 According to some historians, the Malayalam era called the “Kollam era“was established by King Udaya Marthanda Varma King of Kollam in 825. AD.
  •  Kunjail Marakar was killed by the Portuguese in 1600 at Goa.



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Kerala HSCAP Plus One Admission 2022 allotment | KPSC Notifications: KERALA BASIC KNOWLEDGE
Kerala HSCAP Plus One Admission 2022 allotment | KPSC Notifications
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